High Blood Pressure Infographic

According to research, a decrease as well as increase in your blood pressure throughout middle age could significantly affect your lifetime cardiovascular disease risk.

Researchers discovered that those that maintained or lowered blood pressure to normal blood pressure levels by 55 years old had the lowest lifetime cardiovascular disease risk of between 22% and 41%. In comparison, people who already had high blood pressure by 55 years old had a greater lifetime risk of between 42% and 69%.

Considering blood pressure changes could provide more exact estimates for lifetime cardiovascular disease risk, and it can also help estimate individualized risk, and as a result, individualized prevention approaches. Both avoiding  high blood pressure throughout middle age or delaying the start of the development of high blood pressure seem to have a significant affect on a person’s remaining lifetime cardiovascular disease risk.

The study also found:

  • Nearly 70% of all men that get hypertension during middle age will have a cardiovascular disease incident by 85 years old.
  • Women that get hypertension by earlier middle age have a higher lifetime cardiovascular disease risk of 49.4% than those that have kept normal blood pressure until the age of 55.
  • Women generally had higher increases in blood pressure throughout middle age.
  • At an average of 55 years old, 40.8% of women and 25.7% of men had blood pressure levels that were normal;  47.5% of women and 49.4% of men had prehypertension.
  • The overall lifetime cardiovascular disease risk for people aged 55 years or more was 39.9% for women and 52.5% for men, after factoring in all blood pressure levels.
  • The lifetime cardiovascular disease risk was higher among Blacks in comparison to Whites of the same sex, and went up with increasing blood pressure at middle age.

Consequences of High Blood Pressure Infographic