A Healthy Diet Helps to Reduce the Risk of Gestational Diabetes

Obesity is a significant risk factor for the development of gestational diabetes mellitus, and progressively more women who are pregnant are obese or overweight. Dietary habits impact obesity as well as the start of gestational diabetes mellitus.1✅ JOURNAL REFERENCE
DOI: 10.1007/s00394-021-02749-z

A mother-child study looked at the association between dietary intake and the start of gestational diabetes in 351 obese or overweight women. The study results reveal that following a healthy diet during the early stages of pregnancy lowers gestational diabetes risk.

The nutrient intakes of the study participants were determined from food diaries, based on which two dietary patterns, an unhealthier and a healthier dietary pattern, were recognized. The overall diet quality in reference to that recommended was also identified with a diet quality index and the potential for inflammation with a dietary inflammatory index.

The study also discovered that a higher dietary inflammatory index, which means a diet that increases the markers of low-grade inflammation in the body was associated with a greater risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. A higher intake of fat and particularly saturated fats was also associated with gestational diabetes. This is of interest as the consumption of saturated fats is known to increase inflammation in the body.

A number of methods were made use of for examining the dietary intake in early pregnancy. These analyses revealed that a diet comprehensively promoting health is linked to a smaller risk of gestational diabetes.

Consuming fruit, vegetables, berries, and wholegrain products in addition to unsaturated fats is especially important. These nutrients and foods lower inflammation in the body and as a result also gestational diabetes risk. Mothers who're obese or overweight already prior to the pregnancy would probably benefit from early pregnancy dietary guidance.

Gestational Diabetes Infographic

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