Belly fat, or visceral fat, has been associated with metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors which predict type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Researchers have also found that abdominal fat tissue can produce a hormone that could be making us hungrier, creating a vicious cycle.
1. Moderate exercise
According to research, reducing the size of abdominal fat cells takes more than just cutting calories.Results from a five-year study show that exercise should be added to the equation. Moderate amounts of exercise alone can reduce the inflammation in belly fat, even without a change in diet. Exercise also helps to prevent re-gaining abdominal fat after weight loss.
2. Skip the sodas
Skip the sodas and other high calorie sweetened beverages, and over time just this alone will help you to lose belly fat. The amount of calories adults get from beverages has almost doubled over the past 37 years, contributing significantly to bigger waistlines.
3. Skip the diet sodas as well
Cut out the diet sodas as well. Research has found an association between the consumption of diet sodas and a wider waist circumference.There is also laboratory evidence that the widespread use of no-calorie sweeteners found in diet beverages may actually make it harder for people to control their food intake and body weight. One study has found that diet soda drinkers have a higher percentage of belly flab compared to those who don’t drink diet soda.
4. Eat more protein
There is evidence that protein is particularly effective against belly fat.Research has shown that a higher consumption of better quality protein consumed is associated with less belly fat.One study showed that a higher consumption of animal protein over a period of 5 years was associated with a significantly reduced risk of gaining belly fat.
5. Eat healthy fats
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) can help prevent belly fat. A study found that individuals who got about 25% of their total daily calories from MUFAs did not gain any extra visceral fat, but those who consumed less MUFAs and more carbs did gain belly fat.
Medium chain fatty acids (MCTs) are metabolized differently than the longer chain fats. MCTs go directly to the liver from the digestive tract, where they are immediately used for energy. Coconut oil is the richest source of MCTs. Research has shown that coconut oil consumption can lead to a significant reduction in waist circumference and belly fat.
6. Go easy on the carbs
Studies have shown that low-carb diets are particularly effective for targeting belly fat. When 69 overweight study participants were put on a diet with a modest carbohydrate reduction for 8 weeks, they gained 11% less deep abdominal fat compared to those who ate a lower-fat diet.
7. Eat more fiber
Soluble fiber can be effective for reducing belly fat. Study participants who ate 10 grams of soluble fiber a day had a 3.7% reduction of abdominal fat.
8. Say no to yo-yo diets
Losing weight and then regaining it, known as yo-yo dieting or weight cycling, can make subsequent weight loss more difficult as well as more rapid weight regain. Yo-yo diets have been shown to increase lipoprotein lipase (LPL), an enzyme that helps to clear fat out of the blood stream. LPL is particularly active in the abdominal area.
9. Potato crisps and French fries
Research has shown that daily potato chip consumption can contribute to 2 lbs of belly fat every 4 years. Regular consumption of French fries resulted in 3.3 pounds gained every four years.
10. The right amount of sleep
Research has shown that an average of five hours or less of sleep a night increases visceral fat. More than an average of eight hours of sleep a night has a similar affect.